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Scotland's Gift: How America Discovered Golf
By Charles Blair MacDonald

When you have the chance to purchase a classic of golf literature, you should.

It doesn’t happen too often, especially when the book’s been out of print for a very long time.

You might find yourself lucky to find a copy at an old second-hand book shop--or you might have to wait until some enterprising book publisher remembers that some golf books are worth keeping in print.

Thanks to Tatra Press’s reissue of Scotland’s Gift, for example, you can read again the reminiscences of Charles Blair MacDonald, one of the most influential American golfers of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

MacDonald (1855-1939) was among the first American golf course architects. Nonetheless, his seminal involvement with golf was far more extensive than his remarkable creations at The National Golf Links of America on Long Island, the Yale University golf course, or the famous Mid-Ocean course in Bermuda.

Among other highlights, he was a founding member of the United States Golf Association. He served for many years as a Rules Committee member of the Royal & Ancient. He also won the first United States Amateur championship in 1895.

(Clocktower Press just issued a new biography of MacDonald, and a review of that book will appear at this site later this summer.)

Most important, MacDonald was among those rare individuals who were not only active participants, but who could also write well about their interests. MacDonald took this opportunity to preach the benefits and intricacies of his favorite sport, from his unique perspective as one who was present at the creation of the primary American organization devoted to golf.

Some modern-day readers might think that the USGA was the only such entity, but MacDonald traces the influence of the Western Golf Association and the differences that arose between the two groups. MacDonald, who made his first pile at the Chicago Board of Trade and helped found the Chicago Golf Club, was sensitive to the topographical and other differences between the “Westerners” where he lived and the more Eastern orientation of the USGA. In several of the controversies MacDonald recounts in the book, he played a significant role in coordinating and compromising between the two.

MacDonald tried constantly to keep the American golf as close as possible to the game he played as a university student at St. Andrews, relying on fond memories of competing with some of the leading Scottish golfers of the time, including Tom Morris, Jr. and David Strath.

In this respect his unpaid work in designing courses was invaluable. MacDonald played the famous layouts in Great Britain and took careful notes. He then obtained surveys and recreated some of the better features of some of the best holes where he could. His insistence on how a course should look and play stood in stark contrast to some other designs inflicted on America in the early days of modern golf. Fortunately, MacDonald helped convince new clubs and their owners to pay attention to these fundamentals, and avoid some serious design mistakes.

He also nurtured others as they developed their careers in golf course design. For example, MacDonald describes his first contacts with both Seth Raynor and Alister Mackenzie.

MacDonald often succeeded in pushing his own agenda, but not completely. For example, MacDonald clearly thought the stymie rule was critical to the game’s integrity. The WGA was strongly against it, however, and eventually won out over MacDonald and other traditionalists.

MacDonald’s prose style in the book is a bit stilted and antique for modern day sensibilities, but don't mistake his formal manner of writing for stuffiness. Hints of MacDonald’s fun-loving character still peek through, as in this explanation for his work at Mid-Ocean:

“When the eighteenth amendment passed and the nineteenth hole abolished, I discussed with a number of friends the propriety of having a golf course in Bermuda.”

At other points MacDonald refers to starting an early morning round with friends, only an hour or so after returning from an evening. From such offhand remarks one can learn much.

Anyone with an interest in how American golf developed from its Scottish origins should read this book. It not only fills in many of those blanks, but also gives an intriguing glimpse into America’s social history from the perspective of one of its primary contributors of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Review Date: July 6, 2003

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Scotland's Gift: How America Discovered Golf
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Scotland's Gift: How America Discovered Golf
By Charles Blair MacDonald

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